The official, mainstream scientific few of things, as embodied by government institutions including the United States Geological Survey (USGS) website, is that:
“Radiometric dating is accurate for rocks from 1,000 to billions of years old, and can provide an approximate age in number of years, including rocks from the Cambrian Period.”
But what is not well-understood (or often even mentioned) is that when science claims that it can date rock stratas radiometrically, what is actually being dated is the volcanic rock that sits on either side of a particular ‘slab’ or strata of sedimentary rock.
Sedimentary rocks are formed by sediment that’s usually deposited by water, ice and wind, and then solidified, and they often contain fossils.
You can’t normally directly date things like limestone, or sandstone, unless you find something embedded within the rock – like an artefact, or piece of petrified wood, for example - that you can try to date directly with radiometric methods. So instead, geochronologists try to use the rock that’s formed from hardened lava, often referred to as ‘ignaceous rock’, which can be found sandwiching these layers of sedimentary rock.
VICTORIAN GUESSWORK AND WISHFUL THINKING
Before the concept of radioactivity was first discovered in 1896, by a man named Antoine Becquerel, Victorian geologists basically guessed at the ages of the different sedimentary rocks, and the fossils they contained, and went on the logical notion that the older stratas would clearly be found lower down.
Even though terminology like the ‘Quarternary Period’ and the ‘Devonian Period’ was being used long before the discovery of radioactivity, no fixed dates had been assigned for any of these periods of time.
Then from the beginning of the 20th century, scientists started trying to use radioactive elements to try to date rocks and minerals directly, in an apparently objective fashion, that would decide once and for all how old a particular layer of rock was.
They called this new branch of geology ‘geochronology’, and referred to the different ‘geologic clocks’ they could theoretically use to date the earth’s different levels.
When the first radiometric techniques started to be applied to rock ages, initially many geologists rejected the ages being returned by the method as being far too old. But by 1925, the evolutionary view of the world – and the enormous swathes of time it requires to be a workable thesis – had captured the imagination of most of the scientific establishment, and the very old dates returned by radiometric testing were heartily welcomed as proof that the underlying assumption about the world being billions of years old was in fact true.
HOW RADIOMETRIC DATING ACTUALLY WORKS
The basic idea is this: Every rock and mineral on planet earth contains traces of unstable radioactive elements that breakdown over time, in a process that’s called ‘radioactive decay’.
In accordance with the ‘Principles of Uniformity’ that were first laid down by Charles Lyell, mainstream science believes that these rates of radioactive decay are stable and constant, i.e. that each radioactive isotope has been ‘decaying’ at the same rate since the solar system was first formed.
While most people have heard of ‘carbon 14 dating’, and assume that this is the main dating technique that scientists use for things like fossils and rocks, that’s actually not true for a number of different reasons.
Firstly, carbon dating can only be used on things that actually contain carbon, like bone and wood. While fossils take the shape of a dead animal’s bones, the bone itself has actually been replaced by minerals, so ‘fossilised bones’ are actually bone-shaped rocks, and cannot be dated using carbon 14.
In fact, fossils can generally not be dated directly by any ‘radiometric’ dating methods, for reasons that we’ll discuss more in a moment.
Another problem with carbon 14 is that it’s only accurate up to around 30,000 (sic) years in the past. At dates beyond that, the amounts of radioactive carbon isotopes that remain are too small to actually register or be measured. So while scientists will use Carbon 14 dating to try to ascertain the age of things like bone combs, ancient papyrus or wood, they can’t use it to date fossils or rocks.
So instead, the age of nearly all strata, rocks and fossil deposits is measured with the K-Ar (potassium-argon) dating method that was developed after World War II.
It was only when K-Ar dating came onto the scene that the standard ‘Geologic Time Scale’ was adopted in 1964.
But here’s the rub: the Geologic Time Scale was created based on the ages of 380 radioisotope ages that were chose because they seemed to best fit the timescales that had already been assumed in Victorian times, for the fossils and geological sequences that had been found.
If a radioisotope returned dates that didn’t ‘fit’ the assumptions that had already been made about the age of the earth, it was rejected as being an unreliable indicator of real time.
(Take a moment to really think about what I'm telling you here... it's all just one huge, enormous loop of circular reasoning.)
So, that meant around 85% of the Geological Time Scale was dated via selections made using K-Ar dating, while 8% of the ages were determined using rubidium-strontium, and 4% were dated using uranium-lead radiometric methods.
As we said a little earlier, sedimentary rock contains very few radioactive elements, or ‘isotopes’, so instead geochronologists use K-Ar dating to try to date the volcanic, or ‘igneous’ rocks that has somehow penetrated into sedentary rock, or which can be found sandwiching it on either side.
THE UNDERLYING ASSUMPTIONS
Before we take a look at why K-Ar dating is far more complicated and controversial than it's routinely made out to be by scientists, let’s first try to understand a bit more about it.
Potassium makes up around 2.5% of the earth’s crust, and is commonly found in ‘igneous rock’, which just means rock that is formed from cooled magma, or lava. Radioactive potassium, or ‘Potassium 40’ accounts for about 1/10,000th of the overall potassium on earth.
Over time, potassium 40 breaks down and is transformed into an inert gas called argon, and to calcium. The theory goes that the older a rock is, the more argon gas it should contain.
Geochronologists believe they can measure the ratio of potassium to argon in a rock, then use that to date the moment the rock first crystallised from magma.
When a lava flow first gushes out of the volcano, or out of a fissure in the ground, it’s so hot that science assumes that any argon gas contained in the boiling hot magma will escape into the environment, and won’t be present in the rock formed when the lava cools.
As the lava cools, different minerals crystallize out at different temperatures, which continues to change the actual composition of the cooling lava.
Fast-cooling lava is called ‘extrusive’, and usually goes on to form a type of rock called basalt.
Lava that cools more slowly, usually because it’s cooling underground, usually turns in granite or quartz. So scientists believe that they can date a lava flow based on the minerals it contains, and that this date should be consistent across different lava flows and rocks, enabling them to accurately date the geological age of a rock.
Which is where we hit a few enormous problems with K-40 dating, because in order for it to really work, it has to rely on the following unproven assumptions, namely:
1) There was no argon gas already present within the rock at the time it cooled and crystallised.
2) No argon gas, and no potassium 40 entered or exited the rock since the time it was first formed.
3) That potassium 40 decays at a constant rate.
4) The data coming out of radiometric dating can be accurately linked with a specific geological event.
But none of these things are really true.
Firstly, potassium and argon atoms can easily move through rocks if the rock is subsequently heated or deformed in some way – and when you’re dealing with igneous or volcanic rock, that’s really a given.
Also, when water percolates through rock, it can also easily transport potassium and argon atoms, and deposit them in different places.
For example, one group of researchers found that “as much as 80% of the potassium in a small sample of iron meteorite can be removed by distilled water in 4.5 hours." All these things ‘reset’ the K-40 clock, and can give false readings.
Another problem with K-40 dating specifically (and radiometric dating generally) is that cosmic radiation is not stable, (just look at all the UVC readings going off the charts the last few months that is meant to be 'unprecedented') and a rock’s exposure to the fluctuating energy contained in cosmic rays could also have a big impact on the rate and timescale required for radioactive isotopes to decay.
And lastly, each time igneous or sedimentary rock is ‘metamorphosed’, which means that it’s subjected to some form of heat, or pressure, that causes it to change without returning it back to being molten rock, that resets its potassium-argon ‘clock’.
So, while the USGS website explains that: “Potassium-Argon dating is the only viable technique for dating very old archaeological materials” the USGS itself is seriously qualifying the accuracy of K-Ar dating when it explains that:
“The technique works well for almost any igneous or volcanic rock, provided that the rock gives no evidence of having gone through a heating-recrystallization process after its initial formation.” But how on earth can that possibly be the case, when the rock being tested was forged in the crucible of massive volcanic activity – and that activity is still ongoing, even today?
HOW RADIOMETRIC DATES CAN COME BACK SO SKEWED
The volcanic rock being tested wouldn’t even have to melt or experience anything very drastic in order to completely throw out the dating process.
The results could be skewed radically, if all that happened is that the rock contained some tiny cracks that would let gas in or out, or that would enable some water to percolate through it.
Remember that the very air we breathe contains argon, and that the amounts of argon being measured are minuscule, somewhere in the order of one ten millionth of the mass of a rock.
For a piece of volcanic rock to be dated as being 570 million years old, all it would need to contain is just one hundredth of a millionth of argon.
A thousand year old rock could easily bring back dates of being 500 million years old if less than one part in a trillion of argon would penetrate that rock every day.
Argon is present in the air, argon is water soluble, lava itself contains a lot of argon which is released into the atmosphere as it cools, and argon gas is mobile in rock. So it really wouldn’t take much at all to bring back those kinds of very old readings from volcanic rock, using K-40 dating methods.
Perhaps the best way to really grasp some of the enormous problems associated with K-40 dating methods is to take a look at a couple of real-life examples where it returned highly controversial results.
THE MYSTERY OF THE MARLSTONE ROCK BED
A few years’ ago, a team of researchers decided to try to date some of the fossilized wood that had been found embedded in the Marlstone Rock Bed from the Hornton Quarries near Banbury, in England.
This limestone is typically dated as being 189 million years old according to the Geological Column, because it contained a number of ammonite index fossils from the Jurassic period. The limestone itself can’t be dated radiometrically, but the fossilised wood it contained could be dated using Carbon 14.
The researchers collected three separate samples of fossilised wood, taken from right next to the index fossils still embedded in the strata, and sent them off to the Geochron Lab in Cambridge, Massachusetts, and also to the Antares Mass Spectometry Lab in Sydney, Australia. They didn’t tell the labs where the wood had come from, nor how old the limestone they’d come from was ‘meant to be’, according to the Geological Column.
The wood samples came back with an average age of between 23,000–23,500 years old, a far cry from the 189 million years that had been assigned to the Jurassic limestone that encased them.
Most people don't understand this, but when we read reports that something is 'dated' by radiometric dating to a particular time, all that means is that a huge range of dates - sometimes spanning even billions of years - came back from the radiometric dating process, and the researchers simply choose the one that best suits their hypothesis and view of the world.
Already in 1979, researcher A. Hayatsu explained that: "In conventional interpretation of K-Ar [potassium-argon] age data, it is common to discard ages which are substantially too high or too low compared with the rest of the group or with other available data such as the geological time scale."
See? It's that circular logic thing again. The made-up, Victorian wishful thinking Geological Time Scale says that the strata of Cambrian rock is 570 million years old. So then, if a researcher believes that he's looking at rock from the Cambrian era, and he's got a massive range of radiometric readings to pick from, guess which one he's going to go with?
Exactly. The one that will 'date' it to the Cambrian period, which will support his prior assumptions.
Any dates that don’t agree with what the researchers expect to find are usually called ‘anomalous’, and discarded.
How many times are these anomalous dates being tossed by scientists? Nobody knows. Scientists aren’t compelled to make this information public, so the general public usually only get access to the best, cherry-picked results which most closely reflects the date the scientist is hoping to see.
Before radiometric dating became so highly politicized, some of these ‘anomalous dates’ were still being published and shared in reputable journals.
For example, the Radiocarbon and Science Journal published hundreds of examples of ‘anomalous dates’ for Carbon 14, including:
And then there were the one bones of a sabre-toothed tiger from the LaBrea tar pits located near Los Angeles, which were meant to be between 100,000-one million years old, but returned a Carbon 14 date of 28,000 years.
But today, it’s very rare for mainstream science to publish or share their ‘anomalous dates’ data, which is making it increasingly difficult to challenge researchers’ own hypotheses about the timescales involved for geological phenomena, fossils and of course, climate change.
Because if the K-Ar dating methods being used to date old lava flows and volcanic tuff aren’t as reliable as the volcanologists like to imply, that could change the whole picture considerably.
THE WORLD IS REALLY NOT AS OLD AS IS BEING PORTRAYED BY SCIENCE
In June 1992, researchers collected a 15 lb block of dacite from the lava dome of the St Helen’s volcano in the US, which had erupted 12 years’ earlier, in 1980, killing 51 people. Some of this rock was crushed, sieved and processed into a powder that were then given to the Geochron Lab in Cambridge, MA for K-40 dating.
The lab came back with a number of K-Ar datings for the sample from Mount St Helens, ranging from 350,000 years to 2.8 million years old.
Remember, that lava rock was then just 12 YEARS OLD.
Other volcanic flows have also come back with incorrect dates, showing that this is a widespread and very common problem.
For example, when Sunset Crater in northern Arizona erupted 900 years ago, artefacts from the local Native American tribes were caught up in flow of lava, providing a solid basis for dating the flow, especially when taken together with the Native Indian’s own stories about the eruption.
But when radiometric dating techniques were used with this pyroclastic flow, they dated it to between 210,000 to 230,000 years old.
Then, there was the Kaupelehu pyroclasticflow from the Hualalai Volcano, that erupted in Hawaii around 1800.
A variety of different age estimates came back for these rocks ranging from 140 million to 2.96 billion years old.
Remember, that lava flow was actually just 200 years old.
Clearly, radiometric dating is not anywhere near as accurate, or consistent as mainstream science likes to insist it is, particularly when it comes to dating artefacts that come from areas with a lot of seismic activity, earthquakes, and volcanic activity – i.e. most of the world.
INTERESTING FOOTNOTES FOR SCIENCE NERDS:
Potassium is found to be very mobile under leaching conditions. As much as 80% of the potassium in a small sample of an iron meteorite was removed by running distilled water over it for 4 and 1/2 hours. This could move the "ages" to tremendously high values. Ground-water and erosional water movements could produce this effect naturally.
Neutrinos interact with atomic nucleii, so a larger density of neutrinos can speed up radioactive decay and make matter things look much older, much faster, than they really are. Also, lead volatizes and can escape as vapor at a relatively low temperature, and both uranium and lead can migrate easily in some rocks.
Meanwhile, argon gas has been shown to easily escape from or migrate through the rocks, and the atmosphere contains around 1% of Argon-40. Argon-36 can also be formed in rocks by cosmic radiation. Potassium also volatilizes easily, is easily leached by water, and can migrate through rocks under certain conditions.
Malky left the following comment on the last post, which I think really sums up the challenge facing the orthodox Jewish community:
"What is the problem with believing the world is a few billion years old ? No where does it say that we must believe it's 5,800 years old. We live in a sophisticated world, we would be better off if we promote that Torah and the notion of an old universe are NOT incompatible."
This is what I responded to Malky:
There's a few problems with it:
1) It's not based on anything factual. Radiometric dating is very deceitfully done, and I will write more about this to show exactly what I'm talking about.
And by far the biggest problem is:
2) The Torah tells us the world is 5778 years old right now, and will be 5779 years old on Rosh Hashana. The midrash and Gemara add in another 2000 years that occurred before our world existed, when 974 other 'generations' existed.
If you believe that the Torah is the word of God - as I do - then you've got an enormous problem of faith if you also believe the world is billions of years old.
Both can't be right.
In the UK, I met a teacher in a very frum Jewish school who wanted to know what he should be telling his class about dinosaurs - because the Rebbeim in the school like to pretend that dinosaurs don't exist.
The problem with this is, it's just not true.
And instead of continuing to duck these uncomfortable issues, we need to facing them head-on, as there are very solid answers in the Torah for dinosaurs etc - but only if you know Midrash and Gemara in-depth, which sadly, not so many Jews do, even of the frummest persuasion.
BH, I will post up something explaining just how false the whole 'radiometric' dating thing is next, as that is a key foundation all this 'the world is billions of years old' misconception is based on.
Once you understand how the wool has been pulled over the public's eyes with radiometric dating, it starts to get much, much easier to accept that maybe, just maybe, the Torah's version of events is actually the correct one.
A new 5.2 earthquake hit Italy yesterday, centred on the town of Foggia.
No-one wants to admit it, but I'm certain that the earthquakes striking Italy are connected to the bridge collapse. It's easier to blame shoddy construction than it is seismic activity, but with the shaking going up a level, I think we'll be seeing more spectacular collapses over the next few months. God forbid.
Right now, I’m still feeling pretty exhausted….
My husband told me that in the days of the Gemara, the Sages couldn’t pray for three days after they’d travelled, it was so disconcerting, and I can really get that. I’m not sure what’s worse: riding a donkey for 50 miles in the heat and desert, or flying on Easy Jet with psycho stewards who think letting the passengers use the toilet is an optional extra.
So anyway, I feel like I still have to take things easy at the moment, and get my energy back.
There’s been so much going on, hasn’t there?
For all of us.
And yet, there is still so much to talk about….
Deep earthquakes around volcanoes in Alaska, killer floods in Kerala, 92 wildfires in the middle of Winter in Australia, over 600 wildfires in BC, and of course, that ‘interesting’ bridge collapse in Italy that they have absolutely no idea about how it happened.
Whenever I hear that, it gets me thinking that the ‘experts’ can’t explain it because they are using the wrong paradigm for how the world really works.
There are so many dead fish, dead whales, popping up on shores all over the world at the moment. There are so many red tides and blue tides of ‘toxic’ algae which actually feeds on Co2 in the oceans and is one of the ways ‘nature’ keeps a lid on ocean acidification.
It doesn’t look pretty, it stinks – but it’s cleaning up excessive Co2 in the meantime. And where is that ‘excessive’ Co2 coming from, you ask? Simple.
From the hundreds of thousands of underwater volcanoes and volcanic vents on the ocean floor that science likes to completely ignore and not talk about.
Many of which must now be outgassing, or venting, more Co2, as well as erupting more lavas underwater. And if the underwater volcanoes are getting more active, you can bet the ones on land are going to follow suite.
In the meantime, I’m still trying to figure out the next stage of life, and what God wants me to look at next, and work on, now the first draft of the volcano book is pretty much done.
Here are my thoughts, and feel free to give me your feedback, dear readers.
4. I think the next book I want to write is ‘Six Days’, where it will basically combine science, gemara and midrash to show that the idea that the world is NOT billions of years old is actually scientifically plausible, once you get all the lies out the way. We so need a book in the orthodox Jewish world that isn’t scared to talk about dinosaurs, and to take on the atheists’ narrative about the creation of the world.
5. I’d also like that book to appear in Jewish bookstores, which means I need to find a way of raising $10k to cover the cost of getting it published by an ‘accepted’ publisher. (I know! Robbery in broad daylight! But what can you do, if you don’t play the game, and pay the cash, you can’t get your books carried or distributed, and I’d really like that book to get out there.)
6. So, I’m considering two ways of trying to fund this project: 1) Kickstarter, or something like it; and / or 2) opening a Patreon account. Now, be honest with me: I know you like the blog, and I’m grateful for you reading it. But will that also translate into some financial backing to get the book out, or should I start to explore other avenues for raising the cash?
(You can comment, anonymously for once, below, and let me know what you REALLY think, as I need some honest feedback here.) That’s where I’m up to at the moment.
Lots to think about, lots to consider.
So, your honest feedback would be greatly appreciated.
And in the meantime, there’s a lot going on, isn’t there?
The trip to the UK was eye-opening in a lot of ways. Every time we return, there seems to be even more pointless rules that have been introduced simply to dull the spirit and turn people into stressed, fearful zombies.
For example, now there is apparently a ‘law’ that you can’t spend a long time in the fastest lane on the motorway (even if you are the fastest car), which is punishable by a fine and points. And given that most of the M1 and M6 now has a speed limit of 50 miles an hour, and traffic cameras literally every 50 metres, the joy of driving has all but evaporated from the UK.
But the biscuit was taken by the flight home.
My husband and I were passengers on an Easy Jet Flight from Manchester that was somewhat akin to an airborne gulag. The cabin crew – headed up by a horrible man called Roger – made my skin crawl from the get-go, with a bunch of fake-polite, passive-aggressive ‘requests’ that made me feel like I was the naughty girl in school, because I’d had the temerity to take my shoes off.
That’s sadly pretty standard behavior on the UK – Israel route, at least with the budget airlines. Even with all the madness that is Uman, the flights to and from Ukraine are generally so much more laid back, cabin-crew wise. But yesterday was awful, even by ridiculous-British-rules standard.
ROGER, THE CHEAP FLIGHT DICTATOR
Yesterday, we were in row 12, two rows behind a poor frum family with three small kids that were forced off the plane at Sofia, Bulgaria, by the cheap flight dictator, Roger. What was their crime?
The mother had dared to ask for a thermometer, as her 5 month old baby was feeling a little warm, and she wanted to see what was going on.
Roger told her that only a doctor or medical professional could administer the thermometer, and paged on the intercom for a doctor, nurse or paramedic. A doctor was found, who measured the child’s temperature as being 37.5 – definitely a temperature, but well within the bounds of what any mother would consider ‘normal’, if a little concerning.
A spoonful of Calpol was given, and Roger told the parents that the doctor would have to check the temperature again in another 10 minutes. From this point on, Roger became increasingly aggressive, hysterical and controlling.
When the doctor was called back, the baby’s temperature had reduced to 37 degrees – still hot, but not overly concerning for anyone with any experience with babies. In the doctor’s opinion (who I spoke to first-hand), the baby was OK to continue on with the journey. The mother and father also believed that the baby would be OK to continue on with the flight to Tel Aviv, which at that stage was approximately another 2 hour flight away.
But Roger, who was clearly ‘one of those’, over-rode both the doctor and the parents, and started shouting, hysterically, that the baby could start having a fit on the airplane. While this is theoretically possible, in reality babies with a temperature of 37 very rarely, if ever, fit.
The same cannot be said of Roger.
It didn’t matter that the doctor told him it was probably fine. It didn’t matter that the parents offered to sign a waiver form taking all the responsibility for whatever would happen. The hysterical, emuna-less chief steward decided to force the plane to land in Sofia, Bulgaria, to get an ambulance to attend to the baby.
That poor family with their three small kids left the plane against their will, with whatever food the rest of the frum passengers could cobble together to try and tide them through a trip to a Bulgarian hospital.
In the meantime we were on the ground for 5-6 hours, trying to get a new take-off slot, and also going through more ridiculous ‘rules’ where the bags had to be re-checked to make sure the family that had been forced off the plane against their will by Roger hadn’t somehow managed to leave a bomb behind them.
While all this was going on, the plane only had one toilet working, so the queues snaked down the whole aisle, and the flight attendants still kept popping up with more ridiculous fake-nice, passive-aggressive ‘rules’ that were basically much more about them cracking the whip over the poor passengers than it was connected to looking after them.
These types of mini-dictators are increasingly popping up all over the place, as the general standard of mental health continues to nosedive in the Western world. If Roger believed in God; if Roger wasn’t clearly engaged in a lifestyle that set him completely at odds with belief in God; if Roger actually had even the smallest bit of self-awareness, he’d probably realize that he’s a hysterical, paranoid, emotionally-abusive individual who is completely not cut out for the job of reassuring passengers or helping them to ‘enjoy’ their flight.
Instead of managing the situation calmly, and with a cool head, this guy blew the child’s temperature up completely out of proportion, and went into a hysterical fit that no-one could talk him out of.
Neither the poor parents nor the doctor could talk him back down from his self-righteous ‘worse case scenario’ perch, that was completely removed from reality.
Anyone with a kid knows that they can spring a fever of 37.5 degrees at any time, and it’s usually not at all a big deal. And even when it is a big deal, it’s not an ‘ambulance’ big deal.
But Roger clearly didn’t have children of his own, and clearly had no idea about babies and the real world. In another Kafka-esque twist, the mother of another 11 month boy then complained that the wait was making her son feel poorly – which of course, it would for any small kid – and then Roger rushed up the aisle, nostrils quivering, where he stated:
“Madam, I will not let this plane move until I am 100% sure that your son is fully fit to fly!!!”
We all held our breath, waiting to see if the madman was going to cause us to lose the precious flight slot we’d just been given by another display of abusive, OTT ‘caring’. Thankfully, Roger backed down the second time and we were finally on our way.
We arrived at 2.15am, 10 hours later than planned.
WHY THE WEST IS LOST
And so I pondered on the decadence and weakness of Western society, as displayed by ‘Roger’ and his crew. So over-reliant on pointless rules, so puffed-up with their own importance and egos, so completely disconnected from reality that they could send a 5 month old baby with a 37 degree temperature to hospital in the middle of Bulgaria just to satisfy their inner sense of panic and out-of-controlness.
If people like Roger can’t even run a plane sensibly, and they can’t even deal with a 37 degree temperature in a 5 month old baby, then it stands to reason that anything approaching a real crisis is going to completely topple these people into full-on insanity.
And a lot of them have very responsible jobs, including key positions in the government and the army.
So once again, I came to the conclusion that it’s a matter of when the West topples, and not if.
The lunatics are now so firmly in charge of the asylum, it’s hard to see a way back.
And the way forward is going to be far more challenging than most of these people can manage, psychologically. (For the record, I think the bridge collapse in Genoa happened because the ground is shifting in Italy - it all goes together with increased seismic activity and rising magma).
The take homes:
 I changed his name for this post. In the formal complaint I made to Easy Jet, I spelled out exactly who we was, as he’s a real menace to the public, and more of us need to start pointing this stuff out.
The last three months or so, since Shavuot, I’ve been working on a book trying to piece together what’s really going on with all the freak weather, and how that’s connected to false science and the very real and ongoing danger posed by volcanic eruptions.
Once you get all the fake ‘billions of years’ timescales out the way, the pieces of the puzzle start to come into far clearer focus, and you can mamash start to see what’s gone on over the last few millennia.
The finished draft of that book was completed two days ago, Baruch Hashem, and now I’m typing this on an Easy Jet flight to the UK (which is why posting has been slow on Emunaroma, as you’re only going to be reading this when I’m back on holy ground, Bezrat Hashem) and because I got stuck with the window seat, I’m noticing a bunch of stuff I never realised before.
Like how from the sky, you can mamash make out where large quantities of lava were billowed out of the ground, both via volcanoes, and also simply via volcanic vents, where the earth simply cracked open and started pouring out magma.
That stuff is many of today’s mountains, and again, once you understand very clearly that mountains were not formed gradually over millions of years, the incredibly dramatic – and fast – way God created the world starts to be so obvious.
We just flew over a bit of Italy, and the old lava flows billowing out all over the place were so obvious from the air.
But I know what you’re thinking. You’re thinking ‘if all this stuff about volcanoes creating the world is correct, and about massive geological changes occurring in very short timescales is correct, then why isn’t science talking more about all this stuff?’
The real, lengthy, answer is in the book, and I’ll let you know when it’s available to buy (and if anyone out there would like a free PDF copy of it to read and review in the meantime, I’ll let you know how to go about doing that too, shortly, when I hopefully get a bit more organised.)
But the short answer is this: science is living in denial about what’s gone on in the very recent past, and what is about to start happening again in the very near future.
VESUVIUS IS STILL ACTIVE
Let’s take Vesuvius, as an example of what I’m talking about, because most people have heard of this infamous volcano that exploded in 79 C.E., burying Pompeii and Herculaneum in millions of tons of super-heated lava and volcanic dust.
Pliny the Younger was an eye-witness to this deadly eruption, which killed an estimated 16,000 people, and he made Vesuvius famous for posterity by writing an account of the eruption to his friend, the Roman historian Tacitus.
If Pliny hadn’t done that, no-one would really know the extent of what had occurred around Vesuvius today. And let’s be clear that literate ‘Plinys’ who were friends with historians were pretty sparse on the ground when it came to cataloguing ancient volcanic eruptions.
So, we have Pliny’s historic account, which even today is used to describe ‘Plinian’ eruptions that shoot ash and gas straight up into the stratosphere and which can cause some very severe climate change and freak weather phenomenon for years.
We also have the entombed remains of Pompeii and Herculaneum, which has already disgorged more than a 1,000 victims of the volcano in those towns alone, and that’s just the ones who got preserved in the volcanic ash or left casts in the lava.
We have credible accounts that Vesuvius has erupted at least another 30 times since 79 C.E., including most recently in May 1944, when it destroyed 80 or so planes belonging to the US navy that were being housed on the ‘Pompeii Airfield’ nearby.
And the Italian government today knows that the volcano is still active, and could explode again unexpectedly and spectacularly at any point. The government knows this so well, it’s recently put a new evacuation plan in place to try to get the 700,000 people it’s identified as being in the worst danger zone out as fast as possible, should the worst happen again.
And yet, less than 10km away from Vesuvius you’ll find the modern city of Naples. Three million people today live within 20 miles of Vesuvius, and they could all be affected by another volcanic eruption the size of the one that buried Pompeii in 79 C.E.
The scientists and the government officials know all this. Even some of the people that actually live near Vesuvius know all this. And yet, that still hasn’t changed the enormous denial of reality going on.
And if that wasn’t bad enough, there are two more large, active and dangerous volcanoes close by to Vesuvius, too.
THINGS ARE ABOUT TO CHANGE
Now, I know we can’t walk around expecting the sky to fall in on our heads all the time (but now I type that, I’m definitely starting to understand that Chicken Little actually had a realistic basis for his paranoid delusions) – but we definitely can, and actually must, wake up to what’s really going on all around us at the moment.
I will write more about this soon, but volcanic eruptions over the last millennia have been strongly linked with the sun’s solar cycles, and particular what’s referred to as Grand Solar Minimums.
In a nutshell, Grand Solar Minimums happen around every 200-400 years or so, and it describes a situation where the sun stops producing sunspots.
Sunspots are bursts of intense solar energy that power-up the solar wind that actually contributes to the strength of the earth’s magnetic field. When there are a lot of sunspots, the magnetic field is strong and far fewer cosmic rays – like x-rays, gamma rays, UVC, etc – can penetrate through to the earth.
That means the weather is more stable, the climate is warmer (but crucially, less extreme – so warmer in a crop-growing, abundance-inducing good way) – and humanity and civilisation thrives, at least materially.
But the opposite happens in solar minimums generally, and when there is a Grand Solar Minimum – which means very few sun spots over a relatively long period of time – then the earth’s magnetic shield is weakened, and lots of cosmic rays from exploding stars in outer space start to filter through.
The science for what I’m about to tell you next is all footnoted in the book but cosmic rays wake up volcanoes and volcanic activity, particularly explosive volcanic activity. And volcanic activity vents more CO2 into the atmosphere, as well as other greenhouse gases like SO2, and also vents more CO2 into the oceans via the estimated one million underwater volcanoes.
A big reason why the Thwaites glacier in Antarctica is currently melting away, for example, is because it sits on a barely acknowledged massive volcanic field that the scientists think effectively died out thousands of years ago. But they’re wrong. And a few recent studies are even starting to prove that empirically.
Why all this matters – a lot¬ - is because the 200 years of warmer, stable and bounty-inducing weather effectively ended 5-10 years ago, and we are now apparently sliding into what could be another very intense Grand Solar Minimum.
The NOAA released stats for solar activity in July 2018 that show that the sun has effectively ‘flatlined’, to quote one climate blogger, and the sunspots have all but ceased.
And on cue, the volcanoes are waking up, and the seismic activity is increasing, and the magma is starting to shift and flow underground, and the gases contained in these subterranean magma chambers are starting to be heated and to rise up, causing methane-induced ‘wildfires’ all over the world.
In a nutshell, that’s what we are seeing happening all around us at the moment, and my best guess currently is that it is probably going to intensify for at least two more years, until 2020.
Some types of volcanic eruptions – like the one I wrote about HERE, Tambora – can cause freak weather and disrupt climate cycles for three years. I think that’s what is going on now. Some volcano seems to have erupted massively somewhere in a way that was either totally missed, or totally hidden, and that’s what is causing a repeat of the crazy weather that ALWAYS attends these types of volcanic eruptions.
There’s a possible culprit down in Ecuador which erupted in 2015, but was then put under media blackout for 50 days after it blew it’s top (why? No-one knows.) And maybe God will send me more clues, which I’ll continue to share with you.
But we are entering very turbulent times, Moshiach or no Moshiach. Crop failure is not a laughing matter, and it’s not so much cold weather that kills crops, as out-of-season freak weather, monster hail, drought and massive floods that kills crops. And that we’re seeing all over the world at the moment.
So to sum up: man-made climate change, my patootie.
The volcanoes are where it’s at. And more and more of them are starting to wake up.
I'm reposting this from last Chanuka, but with the Carr Fire burning, and the Mendocino Complex Fire burning, and with Portugal, Ireland and the UK burning, and Sweden burning, and Israel's south burning, it's probably even more relevant now than it was when I wrote it. Luminaries of fire - and the people who give them more power and influence - mamash destroy the world.
Someone asked me what I thought the message might be, that God was trying to send the Jewish people, by causing that terrible fire in Flatbush a couple of days ago. I told them I had no idea - because you have to be on an incredibly high spiritual level to even begin to guess at the real reasons for these things, and the people who are genuinely holding ‘there’ don’t rush their views into a Youtube shiur within 24 hours of the tragedy occurring.
But that discussion then brought me back around to pondering the notion of the ‘luminaries of fire and the luminaries of light’.
In Lesson II:67, Rebbe Nachman explains how the luminaries of fire get empowered in the world when the luminaries of light get diminished.
Who are the luminaries of light? They are the true Tzaddikim, and particularly the Tzaddik Yesod ha’olam (Tzaddik, the foundation of the world), the one true Tzaddik that is to be found in every single generation. Rebbe Nachman explains very clearly that when these Tzaddikim, and especially this true tzaddik: ‘becomes renowned and famous in the world, the eyes of the entire world are then opened…whoever becomes his follower…his eyes are opened and he becomes able to see.”
And what, exactly, does this person begin to see?
Rebbe Nachman explain that: “his eyes are opened and he sees and beholds himself, how he is holding in all of the traits…One also becomes able to see and behold God’s greatness in the world.”
In other words, when a person becomes the follower of a true tzaddik, or a luminary of light, he first starts to see himself honestly, and to understand just how many bad middot and negative character traits and behaviors he still needs to work on; and then, he also starts to recognize the hand of Hashem in the world, i.e. he starts to really internalize ein od Milvado - there is only God!
But when people don’t follow the true Tzaddikim, and instead chase after ‘luminaries of fire’ instead, then what happens?
“…when the luminaries of light are subdued, the luminaries of fire are empowered. And fires are caused in the world on account of the names of these ignominiously renowned people becoming great and enhanced, for this causes God’s name to disappear, the luminaries of light to become subdued and the luminaries of fire to become empowered….This is symbolized by the burning of the Temple.”
The lesson continues:
“…what was, is gone. For our Temple has already been burnt. However, now that God waits to return to us and rebuild our Temple, it behooves us not to hinder the Temple’s rebuilding, but rather to endeavor to build it….
“…by mourning over the Temple, one subdues the luminaries of fire, so that the luminaries of light…are empowered. Thus MiT’ABeL (mourning) is the acronym of ‘Lo T’varu Aysh B’chol Moshvoteykhem’ - (you shall not kindle any fire throughout your dwelling places), for by mourning, one subdues the luminaries of fire.”
There’s always so much to try to unpack in Rabbenu’s lessons, so again take all this with the caveat that I understand less than 1%, and that 1% is what I’m sharing here.
There’s a few key things that seem to be jumping out here, as follows:
1) The more we try to make ourselves followers of the true Tzaddikim, the more this will empower the good leaders, the ‘luminaries of light’ in the world, and weaken the ‘luminaries of fire’.
2) ‘Luminaries of fire’ are not just people like Oprah and all those other celebs, big-wigs and Hollywood A-listers getting burned out of their Bel Air mansions by the Thomas fire (which btw, is still burning and set to become the biggest wildfire in California’s recorded history).
‘Luminaries of fire’ are also all those suave rabbis and rockstar rabbanits who are full of themselves, and their own learning, and their own opinions and who frequently make some very harsh judgment calls against their fellow Jews.
It’s those people who magnify their own importance in the world, and who by so doing, minimize Hashem’s greatness. Luminaries of fire never talk about their own flaws, they never describe their own battles, they always have to come off as the clever know-it-alls who have an answer for everything.
If you want a no-fail short-cut to spotting a ‘luminary of fire’, anyone outside of Breslov circles who mocks and disdains Rebbe Nachman and his teachings is almost certainly a luminary of fire. And within Breslov itself, anyone who mocks and disdains Rav Berland is almost certainly a luminary of fire.
3) I’m inclined to think that some huge cosmic event was scheduled for the end of Chanuka, potentially involving a lot more fire and destruction than we’ve already seen - volcanoes simultaneously erupting, North Korean missiles being fired at mainland America, some huge, fiery ball of molten gases and metals coming a bit too close to planet earth - who knows what, exactly.
But as the ‘luminaries of light’ are getting more and more empowered, and more and more people are ‘opening their eyes’ to see what’s really going on in the world, on a number of levels, these decrees are being sweetened more and more.
4) This poor, holy family in NYC were another korban, and their deaths by fire - by the light of the Chanuka candles - has most certainly sweetened the ‘decrees of fire’ hanging over the Jewish people and the world.
5) The more we do our bit to empower the ‘luminaries of light’ and take down the ‘luminaries of fire’, the less these terrible tragedies will have to keep occurring.
6) We can do that, tachlis, by:
That’s a lot of hard work, I know.
But Lesson 67 seems to make clear that THIS stuff is what’s causing all the fires in the world.
Of course, no ‘luminary of fire’ is going to make those sorts of connections for us, because they don’t read (or understand…) Likutey Moharan and they don’t hold by Rebbe Nachman.
So if you really want to know where the truth lies, and what the message really is behind all these terrible fires coming to the world, you have to pray on it, and to ask God to really show you.
There is no other way.
It’s amazing what four days without internet activity can teach you.
It can teach you how much of your time is being sucked into a pointless blackhole of ‘predictions’ and doom and gloom stories.
It can teach you how many of the people blogging are actually flat-out crazy (naturally, I include myself in this category).
And it can also teach you how so many of the things that your yetzer has you convinced are SO important, really aren’t.
Top of that last thing is pointing out flaws in other people, and especially, other groups of Jews.
I came back from Uman, scanned through all my usual sites (I have about six I regularly check) – and realized that most of them just put me in a bad mood. Ok, Sky News is no big surprise.
But I’m also so sick of reading long screeds having a go at other people, and other Jews, on Jewish blogs, too.
That’s part of why I was very hesitant to ‘protest’, formally, the rainbow stuff, but after a lot of praying and contemplation, I could see that standing up for God’s honor demanded some public protest.
But part of my hesitation is that when you start criticizing another group of Jews, even a group that is doing such awful things, that just opens the door to sinat chinam and more criticism, and more ‘troof’, and more finger pointing and blaming.
And that’s all so pointless and damaging!
Because as I keep trying to emphasize, the only people we can really change, the only people we can really influence, is ourselves.
So, I scanned through the blogs, saw things that made me feel pretty yucky, and went to do some hitbodedut about it all. Because I want to be part of the solution, not part of the problem.
Being part of the solution means trying to pull Jews together, trying to see the good, trying to put the emphasis on God, and not on guns, or politics, or other ‘strength of my right arm’ tactics that only end up back-firing because they are rooted in a complete lack of emuna.
That’s the stuff I want to be writing about, that’s the stuff I want to be reading.
Uman always gives me a pause for thought, and a chance to re-evaluate what I’m really doing with myself, to see if it’s heading in the right direction. BH, over the next few days that process will play out again. Each time it does, it’s useful.
And in the meantime, the next few days I’m going to re-blog my posts about the differences between ‘luminaries of fire’ and ‘luminaries of light’.
Because while they look superficially similar, one lights up the world and leads to the geula, while the other just leads to destruction.
ON A SEPARATE NOTE: Since the 'we protest' blog went up, Weebly has been blocking my automatic posting function to Facebook. Just curious if this is a 'coincidence', or if any other of the bloggers who protested last week are also experiencing this issue now?
So at the beginning of last week, I was going bonkers again. The house debacle had got stuck again, and what was meant to be a simple concluding agreement kept pinging back and forwards, each time sending my blood pressure a little higher.
Then, there was all this childhood stuff the last few months had stirred up again, which I SO thought I’d worked through and sorted out by no! The lack of stability, the feeling of homelessness, the ‘bad’ people out to get me – I warped back to when I was 7 years old and spending every single night having terrible nightmares that wolves and triffids were chasing after me again.
Hashem, ad matai?!?!
When o when am I finally going to be able to put the past behind me?!?!?
I went to see my One Brain woman, who is usually so very good with this stuff, and even she couldn’t help me. So I knew I had to get on a plane, and go and see the one person who could help me sort all this stuff out at its root: Rabbenu.
My poor husband got dragged with me, and we went to Uman for Shabbat. Derech Tzaddikim absolutely insisted (literally) that we book into the fanciest hotel in Uman as everything else was apparently booked up, so we duly did that, and for the first time ever, I was in a hotel in Uman that apparently had some sort of room service.
But still no bath.
(Don’t ask me why there are no baths in the bathrooms in Uman hotels. Until recently, you were lucky to get a toilet in the same room that you didn’t have to share with 12 other people, so I guess we’ll have to wait for the baths another 10 years, or so.)
I got to Uman so absolutely, completely exhausted.
So much has been going on, for months, and internally it’s been intense, intense, intense. Usually, I go off and try to do six hours but dear reader, this time around, I just couldn’t. I did a couple of hours here, a couple of hours there, and I just left the rest to Rabbenu to sort out.
Let me tell you: he did.
I have no idea why more people, especially more Anglo people, don’t go to Uman. Every visit I make, I dump another load of inner childhood angst, another mega-load of crazy-person-ness, another ton of heartache, worry and fear.
But what I really wanted to tell you about is Rabbenu’s pipe.
On Shabbat, I saw someone in the kever who I have had a massive grudge against for around 4 years. They didn’t know it, of course, but I’ve been carrying around negative feelings towards them for years. And then, Rabbenu arranged for them to be in the kever.
This person was not a friend, but a ‘mashpia’, and we barely even spoke face to face more than once. But certain things occurred that were very upsetting to me, and I held them responsible, at least partially, for some very difficult experiences I had to go through.
So there they were in the kever. And they were still annoying! And I found all these hard feelings welling up again, so I asked God to let me make peace, real peace, and to finally let go of all my hakpada, because as much as it’s hurting others, it hurting me the most.
While all that was going on, I just got a mental picture in my head of Rebbe Nachman and his pipe. Which was pretty weird. But then, my husband made a comment later about Rebbe Nachman smoking a pipe himself, even though he used to warn his students away from smoking in very strong terms.
So then, why did he do it himself?
The answer is: true tzaddikim sometimes do things, confusing things that don’t seem quite right, for reasons that are far above and divorced from anything we could conceive as being the ‘real reason’. If we were less arrogant, we would understand that so much of what we don't understand about the real tzaddikim, or that we think is 'wrong', is simply because we aren't on the level they are.
(Clearly, I'm not talking about breaking clear halachas here, take a breath.)
And then I thought of this mashpia, who I know is the real deal, but who I’ve still had some great difficulties with, nevertheless, and Rebbe Nachman’s pipe came back to me as the answer to the kooshias that I’ve had about them, for years.
After Shabbat, we went to Medzhibozh for a day, before the airport, and the peace and calm of that place was so, so amazing. My husband and I went to the Apter Rebbe’s restored old shul, and just spent half an hour learning some Torah there. It was so awesome. So quiet. So simple.
No phones, no busy, no crazy, just a few roosters crowing, and some Torah.
I got a taste of that old life, before it all got so complicated, and I felt a little sad that it’s so hard to come by in our present world, where everything is busy busy all the time.
In the gift shop on the way out, I found a simple carved wooden pipe for the bargain amount of $2, which I bought as a reminder of Rabbenu’s pipe. And that we can’t know the reasons why massive tzaddikim sometimes do confusing things that don’t always look right to us.
That pipe is going to have pride of place on my shelf, so it can hopefully shut down any self-righteous fits about big tzaddikim before they even start up.
But in the meantime, Uman has done it again.
So, when are you going to book your ticket?
Attention, ladies: If your husband is currently driving you bonkers, send him to Uman!
I know, I could give you the whole big shpiel about how sending your husband to Uman for Rosh Hashana will bring world peace, and speed the coming of Moshiach, and help to rectify the whole of Am Yisrael.
And that stuff’s all true, and all described in detail in various Breslov sources. But girlfren, really? You should send your husband to Uman for Rosh Hashana because between you and me, I know how annoying that guy can be, at least occasionally.
Yes, he’s sweet, and good-hearted and hard-working and often quite loving and generous. But he’s also half-earth, and that ‘earthy’ bit of him is far to drawn to making money, and cheering on the team, and spouting off ridiculous opinions, and spending too much time watching movies or surfing online.
I know how hard you’ve tried to get him to make more effort with the kids, and to get him to stop walking around like an egotistical stuffed-shirt, and to get him to open up and to be ‘real’ about what he’s really feeling, and what fears and worries he’s got that are really causing him to act and believe the way he does.
I know all this stuff makes pulling teeth (the old fashioned way, with a piece of string and minus anaesthetic…) look like a walk in the park, which is why I’m here to tell you straight what works to get the guy back on the right spiritual path. And it’s spelled:
Like so many of the Uman ladies out there, I don’t send my husband for an expensive, inconvenient jaunt to anti-semitic Ukraine just for the heck of it. I encourage him to go because I know how much spiritual help he’s going to get by Rabbenu at Rosh Hashana, that’s going to carry him - and me - through all the challenges we have to face in the coming year.
I know that sending my husband to Uman for Rosh Hashana means he’s going to come back with a drop more humility, a tad more introspection, an ounce more gratitude and generosity, a page more of learning, a bissel more emuna.
The guy goes to Uman, and he comes back and realizes all by himself, without me saying a word, that he needs to spend more quality time with the kids, or that he needs to stop worrying about money so much, or that he needs to start playing soccer again. (Hey, not every revelation you get in Uman is easy to predict…)
When our blokes go to Uman, they come back better husbands, and nicer dads. They come back with a lot more of a clue about their real path in life, and how best to travel it. And most important of all, they come back with much more appreciation for their homes, families and the good cooking of their loving wives.
And this stuff is priceless, never mind all the other spiritual ‘saving the world’ stuff that goes on there at Rosh Hashanah time.
There’s still time to book his ticket and lodging, and to make it even easier for you, I’ve pulled together some numbers to call. Try:
Derech Tzaddikim: +972-2-541-0100 - www.zadikimtours.com
David Bargshtein Tours: +972-2-999-2955 - firstname.lastname@example.org
Netivim Tours: +972-2-633-8444
Glatt Tour: +972-2-547-7600 - www.glattour.com
And if you want to do it the easy, 'anglo' way, try Inn Uman with Rav Arush and Rav Brody:
I know it’s not easy to pull the money together, I know it’s not easy to manage without him over the High Holidays for a few days, I know it’s mamash mesirut Nefesh (self-sacrifice) for the ladies who stay behind with their challenging broods.
But let me end by sharing the story of a lady I met a few years’ back, who was adamant that her husband shouldn’t go to Uman at Rosh Hashana, because Rosh Hashana was family time.
She was experiencing some serious difficulties with him, and his behavior, and no therapist or counsellor could touch them with a barge pole.
So, I suggested she send him to Uman for Rosh Hashana, and I got back a very stony stare, and a big explanation of how Rosh Hashana was a time when the family should be together.
Last year, she got divorced.
This is re-posted from last year, but it's so good, I think I may just keep posting it back up every Elul...
The weather in Jerusalem today is very strangely overcast for this time of year. It looks like it could rain, or snow, or hail.
We'll see what God has planned.
And in the meantime, I'm joining the bloggers' protest organised by Yaak, because after doing some praying on what God wants, I think that it's what God wants. BH, God's glory and light will be full revealed soon, the sweet way.
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